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This site provides comprehensive information about:

  1. Taxation of foreign domiciliaries
  2. Taxation of non-residents on UK income and assets
  3. Taxation of UK residents on foreign income and assets
  4. Other topics arising in this context, including tax avoidance, and disclosure and compliance

It is the online version of Taxation of Non-Residents and Foreign Domiciliaries by James Kessler KC.



A1 FIG Relief/Abolition of Domicile
Non-dom Policy & Avoidance
1 Mobile Individuals: Tax Policy
2 Tax Avoidance
3 Targeted Anti-Avoidance Rules (TAARs)
Domicile & Residence
4 Domicile
5 Deemed Domicile
6 Residence of Individuals
7 Residence of Trustees
8 Residence of Companies
9 Treaty-Residence
10 Split Years
11 Temporary Non-residence
12 Exit Taxes
13 UK Arrival or Departure: Tax Checklist
Income Tax: Principles & Remittance Basis
14 Income and its Categorisation
15 Income Recognition: Receive/Entitled/Arise/Paid
16 Source/RFI/Territorial Principles
17 The Remittance Basis
18 The Meaning of Remittance
19 Remittance Reliefs
20 Mixed Funds
Income by Category
21 Trading Income
22 Trading in Land
23 Performers
24 Property Income
25 Deduction of interest from Property Income
26 Interest Income
27 Exempt Interest of Non-Residents
28 Accrued Income Profits
29 Deeply Discounted Securities
30 Dividend Income
31 Annual Payments
32 Intellectual Property Income
33 Misc Sweep-Up Income
34 Employment Income
35 Travel Expenses: Employment Income
37 Employment Income: DT Relief
38 Pension and Annuity Income
39 Benefit in Kind: Family Home and Chattels
40 Benefit in Kind: Loans from Non-Resident Companies
IT: General
41 Discretionary Trusts: Income Tax
42 IIP Trusts: Income Tax
43 Rates of Income Tax/CGT
44 Personal Allowances
45 Non-Residents Income Tax Relief
46 National Insurance Contributions
IT Avoidance Codes
47 Settlor-interested Trust Code
48 Transfer of Assets Abroad: Introduction
49 Transfer of Assets Abroad: Transferors
50 Transfer of Assets Abroad: Benefits
51 Transfer of Assets Abroad: Relief from Overlapping Charges
52 Transfer of Assets Abroad: Motive Defence
53 Profit Fragmentation
54 Transfer of Income Streams
55 Transactions in Securities
Capital Gains Tax
56 Chargeable Gains
57 UK Property Held by Non-Residents
58 Reorganisations
59 Residential Property: CGT
60 Gains of Non-Resident Settlor-Interested Trusts: s.86
61 Capital Payments from Non-Resident Trusts: s.87 Code
62 Borrowing by Non-Resident Trust: Sch 4B
63 Sub-Funds
64 Gains of Non-Resident Companies
65 Capital Losses
66 Funds: Terms & Concepts
67 Offshore Income Gains
68 Income from Offshore Funds
69 Unit Trusts
70 Life Policies and Contracts
71 Intermediated Securities
72 Investment Manager Exemptions
73 Investment Management Fees & Carried Interest
Inheritance Tax
74 IHT Terms and Concepts
75 Excluded Property: Definition
76 Excluded Property Exemptions
77 Wills and IOVs
78 Reservation of Benefit
79 Inter-Trust Transfers: IHT
80 IHT Deduction for Debts
81 IHT Close-Company Code
82 IHT Residential Property Code
83 Pre-Owned Assets
84 Pension Schemes and IHT
85 Partnerships
86 Partnership Income: Attribution
87 Settlement, Bare Trust, and Associated Terminology
88 Estates of Deceased Persons: CGT
89 Estates of Deceased Persons: Income Tax
90 Foreign Entities
91 Hybrid Entities
Topics Affecting More Than One Tax
92 Protected Trusts
93 Non-Dom/Non-Resident Spouse
94 Joint Accounts
95 Foreign Currency Issues
96 Cryptoassets
97 Unremittable Assets
98 ATED and SDLT
99 Who is the Settlor?
100 Multiple Settlors
101 Statutory Tax Indemnities
102 Situs of Assets for IHT
103 Situs of Assets for CGT
104 Control Connected Close and Related Expressions
105 Participation & % Investment Tests
106 Permanent Establishment and Branch/Agency
Double Taxation Agreements IT/CGT
107 Double Taxation Arrangements: Introduction
108 DTA Anti-abuse Rules
109 Third Party Relief/Savings Clause
110 Limitation on Benefits
111 Credit for Foreign Tax
112 Non-discrimination
113 Mutual Agreement Procedure
Double Taxation Agreements: IHT
114 IHT Double Taxation Treaties: Introduction
115 IHT DTAs: India, Pakistan, Italy, France
116 IHT DTA: Netherlands
117 IHT DTA: South Africa
118 IHT DTA: Switzerland
120 Credit for Foreign IHT
121 Reporting and Compliance
122 Tax Return Filing Position
123 Claims
124 Collection of IT/CGT from UK Representatives
125 Reporting and Compliance: IHT
126 Penalties
127 Failure to Prevent Tax Evasion
128 Reporting Offshore Trusts
129 International Movement of Capital: Reports
130 Common Reporting Standard
131 Trust Registration (TRS)
132 Customer Due Diligence
133 Money Laundering: Criminal Property

Words & Concepts
Appendix 1 Words of Dispute
Appendix 2 Common Legal Expressions
Appendix 3 Family Terminology
Appendix 4 Consideration/Arm's Length/Full Value
Appendix 5 Commercial/View to Profit
Appendix 6 Beneficial Ownership/Entitlement
Appendix 7 What Do We Mean by "Real"
Construction of Statutes
Appendix 8 Deeming Provisions
Appendix 9 Purpose in Tax Statutes
Special Taxpayers
Appendix 10 Parliamentarians
Appendix 11 Visiting Forces
Appendix 12 Students and Teachers
Tax Reform
Appendix 13 How to Improve Residence and Domicile Taxation
Appendix 14 Reform of Offshore Anti-avoidance Law
Appendix 15 Citizenship-based Taxation
Appendix 16 The Wisdom of Parliament

2024/25 edition

The 2024/25 edition of Taxation of Non-Residents and Foreign Domiciliaries is available online. The paper form will follow in June.

To access TFD online, you will need an online licence. To obtain this, go to the publishers website or email [email protected] Licences for previous editions are not valid for the current edition.

If you are an academic, student or other non-tax practitioner who wants access for research purposes, contact James Kessler

How to login

Most of this site requires you to login. You may purchase a single or multiple user licence: To obtain these contact the publishers.

Without logging in, you can access:

Chapter A1 FIG Relief/Abolition of Domicile
Chapter 1 Mobile Individuals: Tax Policy
Chapter 2 Tax Avoidance

You enter this site once you have registered and logged in by clicking on the index on the left, or you can search the text.

You need to register for the current edition. Registration for an earlier edition is no longer valid.

Comments please

Users can also contribute to the text and if you can add anything, or spot anything that needs to be corrected, please do! A copy of the next edition of the book will be given to the user who makes the most edits. User contributions are reviewed by Rebecca Sheldon.

If you want further advice

If you do not find the answer to your question here, or if you want advice on which you can legally rely, you may instruct James Kessler KC or other members of his chambers to advise. See How to instruct James Kessler KC.

Archive editions

There are archive editions for years since 2003/04. These will be useful to investigate the tax position in earlier years, but the current edition will generally be the best starting point, as that has been written in the light of current HMRC guidance, and further thought and research.


If you have technical problems, or problems logging in, click here

To contact James Kessler KC click here

To contact Rebecca Sheldon, who reviews online contributions, click here

For multiple user licences, or to install on a firm's intranet, contact the publishers.

Technical notes

TFD online is a Wiki on the lines of Wikipedia, but only registered users can edit the text.

TFD Resource Archive

To access the TFD reference material, click here: TFD Resource Archive